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Thermographic and Lithographic Printers

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Glossary of Terms

(explanation of printing terms etc)

Paper Sizes

A3 size - a paper size measuring 420mm x 297mm  (11.7 x 16.5 in)

A4 size - a paper size measuring 297mm x 210mm  (8.3 x 11.7 in )

A5 size - a paper size measuring 210mm x 148.5mm  (5.8 x 8.3 in )

A6 size - a paper size measuring 148.5mm x 105mm  (4.1 x 5.8 in)

A7 size - a paper size measuring 105mm x 74mm       (2.9 x 4.1 in)

Artwork - A black/white or colour image, picture, design or logo that the customer wishes to use. If customer's own artwork is to be used it must be presented in a usable format.

Bleed - where the print area is taken to the very edge of the paper or card. Normally this printed area extends over the finished paper size and the excess is trimmed (cut off). The industry accepted size of the ‘bleed’ is 3mm on all edges.

Bond - Bond paper is a high quality durable smooth white paper. The name comes from it having originally been made for documents such as government bonds. It is now used for letterheads, other stationery and as paper for electronic printers.

Finish - certain actions which take place after an item has been printed eg folding, perforating, collating, etc. making the printed article ready for despatch.

Landscape - the orientation of a rectangle (sheet of paper) where the long edge is horizontal and the short edge is vertical.

Lithographic - A printing process where the image to be printed is rendered on a flat surface, as on sheet zinc or aluminium, and treated to retain ink while the non-image areas are treated to repel ink.

NCR - literally NO CARBON REQUIRED. Carbonless copy paper (CCP), non-carbon copy paper, or NCR paper is an alternative to carbon paper, used to make a copy of an original, handwritten (or mechanically typed) document without the use of any electronics. The process was invented by chemists Lowell Schleicher and Barry Green, working for the NCR Corporation, as a biodegradable, stain-free alternative to carbon paper.[1] Early product literature piggybacked on NCR's corporate name by calling the paper No Carbon Required paper (Information from Wikipedia)

Portrait - the orientation of a rectangle (sheet of paper) where the short edge is horizontal and the long edge is vertical.

Proof - An image of the item to be printed that needs to be verified before printing occurs. Usually  emailed as a pdf (portable document format) to indicate exact layout etc.

Roman - a Roman typeface (font) is an upright serif typeface. Times Roman is the most well known, there are many more.  The Times Roman typeface was commissioned by the Times newspaper in 1931 and was designed specifically for its readability and economy of space used.

Script - a typeface to resemble handwriting. Eg Script Typeface is an example.

Serif - a serif is the small curvy tip of letters

Thermography - Sometimes called Thermo or raised print, an economical method of giving a raised surface to print. Powder is sprinkled onto the still wet ink which after heating fuses to create the relief effect.

Typesetting - originally the process of literally setting (putting in place) the typefaces (letters) in the correct order to produce the words to be printed. Nowadays it often means the process of putting together all the elements required to print something ie design, concept etc to produce ' print ready' artwork.

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